Pianos are well established as classical musical instruments. In fact, you could go as far as saying that the piano is the most important musical instrument in recent history, often being the instrument used to compose some of the greatest musical pieces were ever written.
It is widely agreed that three centuries ago an Italian harpsichord builder names Bartolomeo Cristofori created a new and innovative mechanism that gave his harpsichord the ability to be played with dynamic variations – hence the modern piano was born.
Since then, the piano has gone through many variations in terms of shape and size, although continuing to rely on the same functionality of that which was created by Bartolomeo so many years ago.
Some of the biggest names in piano making were born in the 18th and 19th centuries. This includes Broadwood & Sons being founded in 1728, as well as Steinway & Sons, Bluthner and Bechstein all becoming established in the year 1853.
In more recent times pianos are commonly found in two categories: Horizontal or Grand Pianos and Vertical Pianos.
Grand pianos are often referred to as horizontal pianos due to the placement of their strings and their length. When you imagine a horizontal piano, you probably conjure images of large concert halls filled with the quality sounds of a concert grand piano.
It is believed that horizontal pianos create a better sound due to their finer tones and more responsive key action. There are six main types of horizontal pianos, categorised by their size. These include: